Why do we lure our dogs instead of mold them?
Well, to start with, let's look at what we mean by these two words:
- To lure a dog is to use something he likes (such as a toy, or - most probably - a food reward) to guide him into a certain position.
- To mold a dog is to physically prompt or push him into a certain position.
Both of those are very valid training techniques that you can use to get your dog to do all sorts of things; sit is only the beginning. However, with that being said, we are sold and in all sorts of love with the idea of luring, and not such big fans of the molding.
Now, why is this?
Well, let's explore the reasons!
I personally love luring because I can see a chain of events that results in a positive association between learning and the relationship I have with my own personal dogs. When I'm using the lure as a training tool, I can watch the wheels turn in my dog's brain as she quickly learns what I'm asking for. I fade lures fast, because she's so used to them that she doesn't need the crutch for long.
In puppies, I see a chain of events that is both cute and heartening. Here's how it goes:
- Trainer brings out treat.
- Puppy sees/smells and becomes interested.
- Trainer puts treat in front of puppy's nose and pushes toward his rear end.
- Puppy's thoughts: OOOOOOOH. GOODIE!
- Puppy's rear end lands on floor
- Trainer says, "Good Boy!" and gives the puppy a treat.
- Through a few repetitions, puppy learns a few things:
- Everytime he hears this "Good Boy!" sound his human makes, food follows.
- Everytime his butt hits the floor, he hears "Good Boy!" and a treat follows.
- Puppy starts offering this rear end on floor thing to see if "Good Boy!" will follow.
It's simple; it's wonderful, and above all - the trainer and the puppy should be having fun together. A positive thing is happening - it's not so much strict obedience as it is learning what works, bonding, and having fun. The great thing about it is that manners are learned along the way, and the more clear and consistent you are, the faster the puppy learns.
Don't get me wrong; there are downsides to luring. If you fade the lure too fast, the puppy won't have had the time to make the connection between the word "sit" and the action of putting his butt on the floor, and you may end up wanting to bang your head against the wall. Ooops! Just go back a level (add the lure again) and fade it more slowly the second time around.
The other downside is the one that makes me, as a trainer, want to bang my head against the wall. Some people... Well, they never fade the lure. To me, luring is a crutch, and I don't feel that anyone needs to make that much work for themselves - any dog can learn the association between "sit" and butt-on-floor, and to keep the lure in there forever is handicapping the dog.
So, what about molding? Well, I can keep this short and sweet - it works. It takes more repetitions and very good timing. If you have bad timing, it takes even more repetitions. If you're really bad at your timing or have a particularly nervous dog, it takes even more repetitions.
Also, for some reason, I see people who train with molding still molding their dogs into sits even three to four to five years down the road. That's a lot of work and a lot of repetition, especially when our canine companions are more than capable of learning a silly thing like "sit."
A very good trainer can probably teach his dog "sit" by molding just as fast as we can by luring, to be honest. Like I said, it just takes very good timing.
The deal with me is that I like it when the dog makes an association through a positive means rather than an avoidance one. Dogs who are trained through molding sit when they hear "sit" because they don't want their collars lifted and their butts pushed down. Dogs who are trained by luring sit when they hear "sit" because good things happen when they do. They seem to learn faster, are more eager to learn and play the training game, and in my opinion, it makes for a better dog-human relationship. For me, it's all about the relationship.
I really love my dogs.